The drop of the iron value, one of the principal exportation resources of the country, stopped the economic growth of the country. However, Mauritania should benefit in the next following years by creating income through hydrocarbons, a offshore gas field located at the frontier by Senegal.
The field of fisheries represent 40 000 employments and 20 % of the income of the state as the country is located among one of the richest region of the world regarding fishing resources. At the Nouakchott harbor, around 5 pm, hundreds of traditional boats make it back to the fish market, creating a unique atmosphere, as fishermen sing while tidying up fishing nets.
Despite of these various activities, the unemployment rate remains high, at 10,2 % in 2017, leading some young Mauritanian to immigrate, as the country is located at a strategic position on western Africa, at the transition between sub Saharan African and Maghreb